The Stelvio pass (2758 meters asl), in the municipality of Bormio, is the most famous “Cima Coppi” in cycling history.
The road, the masterpiece of the engineer Carlo Donegani, was constructed from 1820 to 1825 and, nowadays, is one of the most important destinations in the world for cyclists, motorcyclists and car drivers. The Pass, marked by the characteristic smell of roasted sausages and sauerkraut from the Tyrolean kiosks, presents its visitors with some souvenir shops, a small church dedicated to the Virgin Mary of Snow, hotels with bars and restaurants and the highest bank in Europe. Inside the bank, there is the Donegani Museum with its precious collections dedicated to the White War (The Italian front of the first world war 1915 – 1918).
During the first twenty years of 1800, the Austrian Emperor and duke of Milan: Franz Joseph II of Habsburg, requested a road between Milan and Austria. The road, built with political and military objectives, was to be constructed completely inside of the Empire’s national borders.
On the 23rd of April 1820 the Emperor approved the project designed by the engineer Carlo Donegani and presented by the Viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardian-Venetia (Giuseppe Ranieri). Works on the road started on the 13th of June and in October 1825 the road was officially opened, connecting Bormio (Sondrio) to Spondigna (Bolzano) all year round.
Built to protect the Austrian territory of Milan and Lombardy, the Stelvio Pass was instead the linchpin of the Italian western front during the first world war, forming an uninterrupted line from this high mountain to the level grounds of Carso and Venetia-Giulia.
“At the Stelvio there is the most advanced hotel offer for mountain sports, summer skiing and mountaineering. Over one thousand students from all over the world, attend the various and renowned ski schools at the same time. The first summer ski courses on the Stelvio area begun in 1931 at the Rifugio Livrio, then in the years 1934-1935 on the Pass with about one hundred students as a whole. At the time, the only way to climb was to use the seal skins and lot of effort. Now the students are more than a thousand distributed in the various hotels and shelters and ski lifts spread everywhere. “
With these words we are told about Summer skiing in Stelvio by the Bormio tourist information book of 1967. Also today the Stelvio glacier is an important destination for famous athletes and simple skiers, both united by the same passion and the pleasure of skiing above the clouds.
Lo Stelvio e la valle del Braulio offrono ai camminatori e agli appassionati di storia una ricca serie di possibilità. Escursioni di ogni lunghezza e difficoltà in un vero e proprio museo a cielo aperto. Numerosi sono infatti i reperti della Guerra Bianca come ad esempio reticolati, trincee, postazioni di artiglieria e villaggi militari. Le escursioni da noi descritte e disponibili per tutti sul blog di Albergo Adele Bormio sono: Escursione al lago del Mot, Passeggiata alle Rese Basse e Madonna della neve, Escursione al filon del Mot, Escursione alle Punte di Rims, Escursione ai Fortini del “Pian di Pec”.
QUANDO VISITARE IL PASSO DELLO STELVIO?
Il Passo dello Stelvio è aperto al traffico da fine maggio al primo fine settimana di novembre.
COME RAGGIUNGERE IL PASSO DELLO STELVIO DA BORMIO?
Lo Stelvio è comodamente raggiungibile da Bormio seguendo la strada statale N 38. Una strada di montagna suggestiva e panoramica porta in poco più di venti chilometri e quaranta tornanti ai 2758 metri s.l.m. del passo. Nei mesi estivi di maggior affluenza il Passo Stelvio è raggiungibile anche con i il servizio pubblico gestito da Automobilistica Perego.
Buona visita allo Stelvio
Stefano e tutto lo staff di Albergo Adele
Curiosità per i lettori: La salita romanzata al Passo dello Stelvio