The Kuèrc (lid), as documented since 1387, was the place where justice was administered during the summer months. The Kuèrc was flanked by the pillory, a stone seat on which criminals were exposed to public mockery, including, above all, blasphemers.

The current building, still located in the center of the square today, is the result of continuous alterations and renovations that have taken place over the centuries as a result of fires and natural disasters.

Kuèrc square 

The Kuèrc square has always been the beating heart of the town and has been the seat of the most important civil and religious buildings in Bormio for centuries.

The Kuèrc (lid), as documented since 1387, was the place where justice was administered during the summer months. The Kuèrc was flanked by the pillory, a stone seat on which criminals were exposed to public mockery, including, above all, blasphemers.

The current building, still located in the center of the square today, is the result of continuous alterations and renovations that have taken place over the centuries as a result of fires and natural disasters.

As for the square itself, following excavations carried out in the last fifty years, the remains of houses, walkways and surrounding walls dating back to the early Iron Age (1000 BC) have been unearthed.

Over the course of its long history, the square has undergone an innumerable series of transformations and extensions that today can be partially reconstructed thanks to some important documents present in the rich municipal archive of Bormio.

From the “Liber stratatorum” of 1304 (a sort of master plan of the time) we know for example that in the Middle Ages the square was narrower and at a lower altitude than it is today. Following a catastrophic flow of mud and debris detached from Mount Reit, the same square was rebuilt on a higher level. Even today, in memory of those events, this district of Bormio is called “Dossorovina”.

An inventory drawn up in 1553 describes all the buildings overlooking the square in the sixteenth century fairly accurately. From this precious document it is clear that the most important building was the Palatium (current seat of the “Comunità Montana Alta Valtellina”). In addition to being the “Palazzo del Podestà” (authority house), the Palatium was also the seat of the court, the school, and the hall where the seated Council met (a small group of representatives of the people appointed to the ordinary administration of the county and to the exercise of criminal justice). In the Palatium there was also the Marza, an underground room without doors or windows intended for the confinement of the most dangerous offenders, a room which could only be accessed through a trap door.

Opposite the Palatium there was the Cortivo where the People’s Council met to decide on matters of greater public importance. The People’s Council was also responsible for exercising legislative power.

Another undisputed symbol of the main square of Bormio is the collegiate church of Saints Gervasio and Protasio. The town’s main church building was rebuilt, along with many buildings in the village, which were destroyed following the terrible fire of 1621 set by the Spaniards.

On the other hand, the imposing Tower of the Hours, whose construction began in 1498, watches over the square. The tower was equipped with two bells that rang to warn the population in case of impending dangers (the Bajona) or to convene meetings of the magistrates (the Campana de consilio).

Other important buildings and other stories deserve to be told but it would be impossible for us to sum up a thousand years of intense and sometimes complicated history in a just a few lines.

Now we can only suggest visiting the square and looking up at the valuable works that make this place the symbol of a unique village in the rich history, art and culture of the entire Alps.

Enjoy discovering Bormio and its hidden pearls!

Stefano and all the staff of Albergo Adele

 

Trivia

In Kuèrc square and its surroundings there are numerous frescoes from the Renaissance period.

Of particular historical value are also the frescoed coats of arms of the Three Leagues alliance and of the Sforza.

Geographic coordinates of the location: 46°28’03.89” N  10°22’38.68’’ E – UTM 32T 605753   5146941

Excursion near the location:    Passeggiata del benessere, dell’arte e della cultura.

Sources: CMAV information signs

Proofreading: Dott. Eugenio Rossetti and Paul Faller

Download the schedule
CLICK HERE TO DISPLAY ALL OF THE PAGES DEDICATED TO CULTURE IN BORMIO PROPOSED BY THE BLOG OF HOTEL ADELE
CLICK HERE TO DISPLAY ALL OF THE HIKES IN ALTA VALTELLINA PROPOSED BY THE BLOG OF HOTEL ADELE
WOULD YOU LIKE A HOLIDAY IN BORMIO? CLICK HERE TO DISPLAY OFFERS AND PROMOTIONS FROM HOTEL ADELE
CLICK HERE TO VISUALIZE ALL OF THE TYPICAL LOCATIONS TO VISIT DURING YOUR STAY IN BORMIO

COPYRIGHT AND LEGAL POLICIES – UPDATED Jan. 14th 2021

All contents of this blog (text, graphic elements, images, pictures, videos, etc.) are exclusive property of Stefano Bedognè and Albergo Adele s.a.s. and they are protected by Italian and International copyright laws. Therefore only viewing is allowed. Copying, either partial or total, will be allowed only after explicit request and authorization. In this case it must be indicated on the copy the source: www.albergoadele.it. Any other use (distribution or publication for profit, modification, processing in any way or form, etc.) will be considered unauthorized and will be prosecuted by law.

The information provided on this page, on our website and on the blog in general, are finalized to promote the touristic and cultural opportunities of Bormio and Valtellina but they are not substitutions in any way for professional accompaniment or the direct consultation of professional workers.

The authors, although checking with greatest attention all of the contents of this website, also in terms of uptades, don’t take any responsibility for any potential problem that could happen related to misuse use of the site, including information on this website or other related websites. Albergo Adele s.a.s. and Stefano Bedognè, unless otherwise stated by the law, can not be considered in any way responsible for damages, direct or indirect, caused by accessing this website, the inability or impossibility of access, and trusting in the information contained within and by the use of that.